What a soldiers farm can tell


My brothers and I would like to find out who was the first Dahlöf , the one who gave the

name to our family was. Pretty soon we run across informations saying that this Dahlöf was a dragon in the county of Bohuslan or Dalsland. Gunvor Jakobsson at Bohuslan Military Museum could inform us that there was a dragon Jon Dahlöf serving at two rote” bör at Bohuslan green dragoons around 1728-1762 and he came from Dalsland.

Genealogy research could begin. After some initial problems we found our Jon Larsson,

born 1706 in Flatgarde Holms parish in Dalsland, son to Lars Halvarsson. Jon became employed as a dragon at Ralanda rote 1728 and got he name Dahllöf. We then could follow this name down to our self and that could be the end of the story. 

But during our search to find the first Dahlöf the solider farm Palban surface time and time again and it became clear that here we had other ancestors. the first was a man by the name of Johan Swensson who was accepted into Westgota-Dals regiment 1706 as soldier no.481 at Sundals company and got the solider name Pahlgren, probably because he belonged to Palbons rote.

At this time it was common that danisch forces raided from Norwej to steal cattle in Dalsland and at one of this raides Johan Pahlgren was taken prisoner. He soon manage to get back to his rote and in 1708 he got married. 

The then present regent Karl XII required much from the regiment to which Pahlgren belonged and 1712 he and his regiment was at Gadebusch. The regiment with its 1058 men was numerically the greatest in Magnus Stenbocks army. The whole regiment had on the morning of 20 december 1712 sworn to there general Stenbock “not to spare danisch lives” and he had answered that “he did not intend to spare his own blood in the battle”. On the evening the same December day 1912 a tired to death, thoroughly wet soldier Pahlgren could note that they had won the battle but his regimental chief and five other officers had fallen as well as 15 soldiers from the Westgota-Dals regiment. another 4 officers and around 70 soldiers was wounded.

If our ancestor Pahlgren, sitting in his heaven above his soldiers farmhouse, had been able to read what was written in the historybooks about the battle at Gadebusch he would most probably had to smile. Those writer who wrote that the soldiers accompanied by instrumental music sang “Our God is us a mighty castel” when they attacked had no idea of how tired, wet and frozen the soldiers were. There would have been no thought of singing. The only signal to attack was a light whirl on the drums at 12.30. General Stenbock had ordered silent attack in order to try to take the danes left flank by surprise.

This succeded which together with Cronstedts artillery tactics probably decided the whole battle.

After Gadebusch soldier Pahlgren and his regiment Westgota-Dal followed field marshal Stenbock to Tonning in Schlesvig-Holstein. Here the surrounded swedisch army had to surrender on the 16 of may 1713. Soldier 481 Pahlgren had heard rumours thet they were to be given free to go home to Sweden but that was not to be. He and thousands of other soldiers ended up in captivity and every fourth died of smallpox. 

Against all odds Pahlgren survived and came home to his farm at Palbon in juli 1718. during his imprisoning his rote had hired another soldier, Arvid Eriksson. Hi died in may 1718. Johan Pahlgren stayed for another seven years as soldier but was 1725 offered release with sick pay since “Pahlgren hurt his back in his war duty”.

Johan Pahlgren moved to the farm Backa in Gunnarsnas were hi die 1748. 

But the soldiers farm Palbon resurface in our family history.

Roughly a hundred years later, 1857, a Johannes Magnusson-Dahllof marries Brita Johannesdotter, born at the soldiers farm Palbon at Jarn parish in Dalsland. Her father was soldier 481 ( same number as Swen Pahlgren and great-great-greatchildren to Pahlgren) at Sundal company at Westgota-Dal regiment by the name of Johannes Jansson

before he 1833 became soldier at Palsbon rote and got the name Roos. With his wife he had eight children so they were ten people at the farm. Soldier Roos could not for health reason follow when the regiment moved from Nygardsangen to Grunnebo Hed. The doctor considered him to ill for making the march to the regimental meeting and three years later 1866 he was granted leave of absence with sick pay. He had “served well”.

After Johannes Roos there came two other “Roosés” before the farm was sold to Johannes Melin who in turn sold it to Karl Fredriksson. We wondered if the farm perhaps still exisited and went out into Dalsland in search for it and to our joy we found it, and close to being in its original form as well. Gerd Johansson, dauther to mentioned Karl

Fredriksson and born at the farm allowed us to enter and look around and we could really feel the winds of history. 

As far as we could tell the very  farm had been here for hundered of years – we have been unable to find anything that indicates that it ever where anywhere else. Inside the farmhouse was dominated by a large bricked oven that gave warmth to both living room and kitchen. Underneath the roof was a small attic where you could be during the warm part of the year. As mentioned the soldier Johannes Roos lived here 1833 – 1866 but her also lived his grandmothers father the soldier Johan Påhlgren, one of many behind the name “Gadebusch 1712” on our regimental banner.

This way the Pålbön farm came to tell us something about my ancestors and our regimental history. 

Per Dahlöf

Farmaly officer in the reserve at the regiment of Halland.